The most important study on human gut was initiated in 2012. The findings were more than remarkable, and this opens a new window for everyone interested in the matter.
A group of scientists tested stool samples from different corners of the world. They analyzed and compared the samples with the only goal to find what they have been looking for. This group of scientists received stool, skin and oral samples of bacteria from people who were willing to pay $99 each to get the results. They were given questions about their diet and lifestyle habits.
Rob Knight, Jeff Leach and Jack Gilbert created the American Gut Project in 2012 in order to learn more about the human microbiome.
The microbiome is actually a complete world within your body. It consists of different bacteria, and these live in your digestive system. Some of them are friendly and fight diseases, while others are dangerous and trigger numerous health problems.
Some bacteria in your gut can trigger severe health problems as they affect the natural balance in the gastrointestinal tract.
The American Gut Project revealed awesome findings
People whose diet is mostly plant-based have more friendly bacteria in their microbiome. Researchers do not say that it is better to have a complex microbiome, but they sure suggest that people who eat plants have less antibiotic resistance.
The lack of antibiotic resistance is related to people who avoid packaged and processed foods that are made from animals raised with antiobiotics.
Scientists compared the age, gender, and body mass index to get to the main findings. It turns out that those who deal with the same bacterial profile deal with the same health conditions.
Gut bacteria and mental health
Most of the problems were related to the mental health. Post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disorder are linked to bacteria diversity.
Let’s get things straight. Those who deal with PTSD have the same bacteria in their digestive system. The same applies to depression and bipolar disorder.
Too many mental problems are related to nutritional deficiencies, and these findings have great importance for the further development of medicine.
Medical News Today has all the details:
The results demonstrated that people who reported mental health issues had more bacteria in common with other people who reported similar problems than they did with the controls.
This association was strong regardless of gender, age, or geographical location. Also, the research suggests that some types of bacteria may be more prevalent in people who live with depression.
The article also revealed that there is a link between anxiety and the insufficiency of healthy gut microbes. Another similar study found that people who suffer from PTSD have altered bacteria.
“We observed a much greater microbial diversity than previous smaller studies found, and that suggests that if we look at more populations, we’ll see more diversity, which is important for defining the boundaries of the human microbiome,” said Daniel McDonald, PhD, the scientific director of the American Gut Project at UC San Diego School of Medicine.
Mapping the human microbiome is of great importance. ‘Alright, you’re suffering from this ailment, well here’s what is missing or different about your gut bacteria and here’s what you need to eat (or not eat) in order to fix it.’ That’s what people need to hear.
Dr. Rob Knight said, “The human microbiome is complex, but the more samples we get, the sooner we will be able to unravel the many ways the microbiome is associated with various health and disease states.”
Source: The Farmacy